By Hazrat Maulana Yunus Patel Sahib (Rahimahullah)


Most of our arguments arise because we entertain a lot of expectations in people. If we look into our lives, we will gauge how extensive this weakness is in us. There are, of course, exceptions but on a general note, we find that parents have great expectations: When my son grows up, he will qualify from some college and will then be earning plenty of money. He will then provide for me, take care of my needs and requirements.


The son grows up, obtains his degrees, goes into some profession and forgets that he even has parents. …We are living in such a time, where many children don’t care about their parents. Despite the parents making so many sacrifices, there is no mercy and no compassion from the children. Many children live for themselves, with no thought of those who brought them to this stage in their lives, where they are successful. This then creates a deep sense of disappointment, ill feelings and bitterness within the parents. Arguments arise and sometimes relationships are severed.


Children, too, have a lot of expectations: My father has many properties. He is multi-rich, so he should be giving me plentiful. Whatever I ask for, he should give it to me.  …More expectations.

Sometimes, the mother-in-law has many expectations. She thinks: My daughter-in-law will come into the family and she will do this for me and do that for me. I will retire from my chores. I will relax. My daughter-in-law will take over these responsibilities of mine. …When the daughter-in-law arrives, the expectation is not fulfilled and fights and quarrels ensue.


The daughter-in-lw also has expectations: When I am going to go there, to my in-laws, I will be treated like a queen in that house. …When she is not treated like one, she harbours bitter and bad feelings, complains and demands because she was expecting and feels that she is entitled to some kind of special treatment. This naturally leads to a strain in her marriage because the complaint is against the husband’s parents and family.


Friends also have expectations: He is my friend. He will do whatever I ask him to do. …Or a person has been kind and generous to someone and entertains the expectation: I did many favours for him, so if I need to contact him and request anything, he will accommodate me – any time of day or night. …But the person does not care to reciprocate the kindness or the favours; instead he has a string of excuses.


Sometimes the so-called Peer or the Shaykh has got great expectations in his Mureed. He has the hope that the Mureed will be presenting an envelope or a gift. …There are so many bogus peers. They even have a register of the names of their Mureeds and they send their Mureeds, monthly bills. They charge fees and they will go so far as to inform their Mureeds that the last month’s installment is overdue. (Na-uzu Billahi min zaalik)


There is an incident about a Mureed who was very sincere in his Ta-alluq (relationship) with his Shaykh, whereas the Shaykh was a Dunya-daar person and had expectations that his Mureeds should be giving him wealth and gifts in abundance. On one occasion, the Mureed said to the Shaykh: “Hazrat, I had a dream. Your hand was in a bottle of honey and my hand was in a bottle of faeces.”

The Shaykh immediately and happily said: ‘This is true! This is the reality! I am involved in Deen – honey, and you are involved in Dunya – faeces.’

The Mureed said: ‘But that was not the end of the dream. In the dream, I am sucking your finger and you are sucking my finger!’

So there are those Peers who are more interested in what material gains they can get from their Mureeds. May Allah Ta’ala protect us.


Nonetheless, we want others to do for us, and when they don’t, we start blaming: My brother didn’t do this for me. My uncle didn’t do this for me. My nephew didn’t do this for me. I went to my sister and she did not listen to me. I went to my father and he did not listen to me. …This is what happens. We feel a sense of entitlement and when our expectations are not met, that inevitably leads to disappointment, depression, anger, complaints, arguments, disunity and many other problems. Therefore, we should not have expectations and hopes in any person.


If we can only learn this lesson: Have hope and trust solely in Allah Ta’ala. He is the only One who can do for us. If we turn away from Allah Ta’ala and cast our attention and hopes on any other, we will meet with disappointment. …Even if the person is a millionaire or billionaire; a king or tycoon, or the owner of the oil wells of the world, his trust must be fully in Allah Ta’ala as well.


It happens sometimes that a person meets someone on a journey. That person makes mention that he owns oil wells or he is the director of some big corporation or owner of some huge business. The person immediately thinks: ‘I now have got a friend. If I have any problem, all I will have to do is just contact this person and he will sort out my problems.’ …The gaze turns away from Allah Ta’ala and falls on creation. Allah Ta’ala does not like that our expectation is in people. Often, the person is humiliated and disgraced when he seeks out favours from people.


Our expectation is in Allah Ta’ala because we believe that everything lies in the Control of Allah Ta’ala; all treasures are with Allah Ta’ala; there is no shortage in His treasures. If we are in need, we seek from Allah Ta’ala first.


After turning to Allah Ta’ala and seeking of Him, we should also adopt Tadbeer – that is, make use of Halaal (lawful) means to procure it. If Allah Ta’ala provides through the means, then we express our gratitude over it. If we don’t get what we want, we adopt Sabr (patience). When there is Istighnaa’ in the heart – that is, the person’s heart does not incline towards the creation and does not entertain expectations in the creation, and the heart’s attention is on Allah Ta’ala – Allah Ta’ala will provide for the person from sources unknown to him. When we understand Who is in Control of all affairs and Who is in control of the hearts of people, there will be no argument with any person because there would not have been any expectation from any one.


The person who has his trust and faith in Allah Ta’ala alone and he says: ‘My expectation is only in Allah Ta'ala. I will turn towards Him. I will beg of Allah Ta'ala, with the begging bowls that He has given me.’ …He raises his two hands, especially in the latter part of the night or early part of the morning, when there is no one to see him raising those hands except Allah Ta’ala; he will then see how Allah Ta’ala suffices for him.


Dua needs to be made sincerely and with deep conviction that Allah Ta’ala is the One who answers. The key is Yaqeen (conviction), believing firmly that Allah Ta’ala will respond in the best way. Hazrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Rahmatullah ‘alaih) said that the Dua which we just read, without sincerity and without the conviction that Allah Ta’ala can do for us, will not draw Divine response.


If a person has a problem, he should get up for Tahajjud Salaah. At that part of the night or morning, raise his hands, shed some tears, repent and turn towards Allah Ta’ala. Then see how Allah Ta’ala creates ‘asbaab’ (means). It will baffle and amaze us. The person won’t know how Allah Ta’ala made the arrangements for him. Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi ‘Alayh) had said: ‘The Dua at Tahajjud is like an arrow, which does not miss its mark.’ – that is, it is most accepted.


As an example: After the person makes Dua, he approaches a friend for a loan of R5000, with the promise that, Insha-Allah, it will be paid by a certain date, and he also has every intention to pay. If the friend loans the money – Alhamdulillah. The person believes that Allah Ta’ala put it into the person’s heart and he gave the loan. If he refuses, for whatever reason, he should turn his mind and heart towards Allah Ta’ala. Since he had placed his trust in Allah Ta’ala, there must be both wisdom and ‘khair’ (goodness) in this decision. There won’t be any fight and the friendship will remain intact.


Our gaze must be from where the decisions are made. …We need to build up our trust in Allah Ta'ala.


May Allah Ta’ala grant us the understanding and the Taufeeq of Amal. May Allah Ta’ala bless us with His Ma’rifah and the beautiful and noble qualities of Istighnaa’ and Tawakkul – that our gazes and trust are entirely on Allah Ta’ala.